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  • 28 Feb 2022 7:51 AM | Anonymous

    With more than 3,600 individual genome sequences that date back more than 100,000 years, scientists have unveiled the largest human family tree ever created, providing an unprecedented glimpse into the deep past and complex present of our species.

    The immense family tree was stitched together from existing datasets and contains modern genetic information from around the world as well as samples from extinct human relatives such as Neanderthals and Denisovans. Scientists led by Anthony Wilder Wohns, who conducted the research while earning a PhD at the University of Oxford’s Big Data Institute, were able to confirm major events in human history from this integrated framework, such our species’ migration out of Africa, while also encountering surprises about past populations that will require more research to understand.

    The outcome is a “unified genealogy of modern and ancient humans” that demonstrates the power of computational methods “to recover relationships between individuals and populations as well as to identify descendants of ancient samples,” according to a study published on Thursday in Science.

    “Although much work is still required to build the genealogy of everyone, the methods presented here provide a solution to this fundamental task,” the researchers concluded in the study.

    You can read more in an article by Becky Ferreira published in the web site at: and in a different article by Ben Cost available in the New York Post at:

  • 25 Feb 2022 6:47 PM | Anonymous

    The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. P

    If your genealogy society is thinking of creating a web site or improving an existing web site, one discussion is sure to arise sooner or later: how much information should the society place on the web site?

    Should the ENTIRE society newsletter be published online? Or should the newsletter be held back as a "benefit of membership" and only made available to paid members?

    How about records that the society has transcribed? Should the society publish old tax lists or census extracts or cemetery transcriptions online? Such lists probably were printed in booklets in the past and were sold for a modest amount of money, generating a bit of income for the society. Should the society now give the information away free of charge in electronic format?

    In fact, the same question arises when individuals decide to place the results of their hard work online, such as extracts of various records.

    I don't have all the answers, but I can offer a few observations.

    The remainder of this article is reserved for Plus Edition subscribers only. If you have a Plus Edition subscription, you may read the full article at:*)-Plus-Edition-News-Articles/12625981.

    If you are not yet a Plus Edition subscriber, you can learn more about such subscriptions and even upgrade to a Plus Edition subscription immediately at

  • 25 Feb 2022 6:17 PM | Anonymous

    The following book reviews were written by Bobbi King:

    “Runaways” Volumes Continue Publication by the Genealogical Publishing Company

    Joseph Lee Boyle, the prodigious researcher, compiler, and author, continues to output his extractions of historic advertisements placed into colonial newspapers by the owners of runaway servants, apprentices, military deserters, lawbreakers, errant spouses, and miscellaneous categories of persons on the run.

    Each book has an introductory section offering details describing the newspapers searched, the information recovered, the indexing of all the names, the compiler’s efforts to transcribe the ads exactly as read, and examples of particularly notable persons and ads.

    Each book has an index, including the several names used for one individual in a notice.

    Some examples:

    RAN away from Capt. James Oliver of Boston, a Negro Man named Cambridge, about 27 Years old and Pockbroken, that has been used to work at the Baker’s Trade. He had on a new double breasted light coloured Cloth Jacket, with flat Metal Buttons, lined with blue Bays, and a great Coat and breeches of the same Cloth, or else a pair of blue Cloth Breeches, and a Seal-skin Cap. Whoever takes him up, and brings him to his abovesaid Master, shall have 40s. Reward, old Tenor, and all necessary Charges. And all Masters of Vessels are forbid carrying him off at their Peril.

    The Boston Evening-Post, January 9, 1744. See The Boston Evening-Post, June 9, 1740. See The Boston Evening-Post, October 17, 1743.

    WHEREAS Jane Williams the Wife of Jonathan Williams of said Beverly, hath run him in Debt, and squander’d away a considerable Part of his Estate; THIS is to caution all Persons whatsoever against trading with her, and to inform them, that her said husband will not pay any Debt she shall contract after this Date, as witness my Hand,

    Jonathan Williams.

    The Boston Weekly Post-Boy, January 9, 1744; January 16, 1744.

    RAN away from the Ship Providence, John Parr Master, on the 9th of December, 1743, John Scudder, who if he will return to his Duty on board the said Ship in five Days from the Date hereof, he shall be kindly received, but if not, he shall be deemed a Deserter, and treated accordingly.

    The Boston Evening-Post, December 26, 1743; January 2, 1744.

    These are recent publications:

    “Stiles himself a Prize fighter” New-York Runaways, 1706–1768

    The majority of persons cited in this series are runaway servants, slaves, and lawbreakers, both men and women. Thirty newspapers were consulted.

    “Fond of liquor, dancing and gaming” New-York Runaways, 1769–1783

    Sixty-two newspapers were consulted.

    “smooth tongued and deceitful” White New Jersey Runaways 1767–1783

    The majority of persons cited here are white men and women runaways. Blacks whose names were in the ads are noted and included in the index. Forty-one newspapers were consulted.

    “much given to Talk and bad Company” New-England Runaways, 1704–1754

    Smallpox outbreaks regularly occurred during this time, and runaways wanted to avoid inoculation. Twenty-five newspapers were consulted.

    “He is a person of very ill fame” New-England Runaways, 1755–1768

    Twenty-five newspapers were consulted.

    “can tell an ample story” New-England Runaways, 1769–1773

    Twenty-five newspapers were consulted.

    “Runaways” Volumes are available from Genealogical Publishing Company at

  • 25 Feb 2022 8:25 AM | Anonymous

    Thanks to a partnership between the City of Carmel and the Carmel Clay Historical Society (CCHS), hundreds of historic photos have been scanned into the historic archive and are now available to the public through the Historical Society’s website. There is no cost to view the images, but there is a nominal fee for prints.

    The photos had previously been stored at City Hall, where it was difficult to provide access to the public or researchers interested in viewing the images. As of today, more than 1,200 images have been scanned and made available.

    Details are available at:

  • 24 Feb 2022 11:34 AM | Anonymous

    Wyoming lawmakers really don’t want anyone’s DNA data sold to foreign countries or used for internet cookies without consent. Those are just two features of a bill now contemplated in the House of Representatives, House Bill 86, which this week cleared both its introduction and a Judiciary Committee review with unanimous approval.

    HB 86 is aimed at companies such as and 23 And Me, which map human DNA to trace family origins or track health issues.

    If the bill becomes law, it would compel DNA-mapping sites to provide a “clear and complete” rundown of privacy policies to the consumer, to inform the consumer about DNA data use and storage, and to get consent for those policies. The companies also would have to seek “separate express consent” to keep biological samples, to target consumers for marketing based on their genetic data or to let other companies use the genetic data for marketing.

    The companies would need to “require valid legal processes” for giving someone’s genetic data over to law enforcement without “express written consent.”

    You can read more details in an article by Clair McFarland published in the Cowboy State Daily web site at:

  • 24 Feb 2022 9:10 AM | Anonymous

    A second passport offers security from unpredictable threats. It could be a social movement, political issues, economic issues, natural disaster, and the list goes on… Remember life is unpredictable. A second passport is an insurance policy.

    For instance, the government of your country might revoke your passport or take your money (think Greece) for any reason whatsoever. What would you do then? Live like a political prisoner in your own country?

    Most people don’t realize it, but the US cancels the passports of Americans living abroad every day. Owe child support or haven’t paid your taxes? Your passport can be cancelled. If you only have one passport it can be a weapon to be used against you.

    Without a second passport in hand, you will have no valid travel document and will be forcibly returned to the US. Again, I reiterate, this happens every day… it’s not limited to the cases that make the news like Edward Snowden.

    For many years, U.S. citizenship and an American passport were the gold standard around the world. The pandemic and the recent election changed all that, resulting in a surge in demand for Americans seeking second passports and wanting to buy citizenship—especially in Europe. “Americans want freedom, and many are starting to realize how restrictive U.S. citizenship can be,” says Rogelio Caceres, CEO and founder of Global RCG, a global mobility firm that helps people secure residency, employment and citizenship rights in other countries.

    An article by Laura Begley Bloom published in the Forbes web site describes the basics of obtaining a second (or third or fourth...) passport. The most common method (but not the only method) is by claiming ancestry in the other country. Yes, you can thank your ancestors for that.

    According to Global RCG, “Through our research, we estimated that roughly 40% of all Americans could be eligible for citizenship by ancestry in the European Union.”

    If you are interested in obtaining a second passport, you will want to read the article at

  • 24 Feb 2022 8:47 AM | Anonymous

    On April 1, 2022, the 1950 United States census will be released to the public. (Hey! That's only a bit more than 5 weeks from now!) To get prepared for that release, you might want to review the questions that appear in that census.

    The 1950 census population questionnaire asked fewer questions than its predecessor; the full population was asked only 20 questions. Enumerators asked additional supplemental questions of a 20 percent (questions 21–33) and 3.5 percent (questions 34–38) sample of the population. Enumerators asked the following questions, listed by column:


    Name of street, avenue or road where the household is located

    Home or apartment number

    Serial number of dwelling unit

    Is this house on a farm (or ranch)?

    If no, is this house on a place of three or more acres?

    Corresponding agriculture questionnaire number


    Relationship to head



    How old was this person on his last birthday?

    Is this person now married, widowed, divorced, separated, or never married?

    Enumerators were to enter "Mar" for married, "Wd" for widowed, "D" for divorced, "Sep" for separated, or "Nev" for never married

    What State or country was the person born in?

    If foreign born, is the person naturalized?

    For persons 14 years of age and over

    What was this person doing most of last week - working, keeping house, or something else?

    Enumerators were to record "Wk" for working, "H" for keeping house, "U" for unable to work, or "Ot" for other

    If the person was "keeping house" or "something else" in question 15, did the person do any work at all last week, not counting work around the house? (Including work-for-pay, in his own business, working on a farm or unpaid family work)

    If the person answered "no" to question 16, was he looking for work?

    If the person answered "no" to question 17, even if he didn't work last week, does he have a job or business?

    If the person was working, how many hours did he or she work in the last week?

    What kind of work does the person do?

    What kind of business or industry is the person in?

    Class of worker the person is.

    Enumerators were to mark "P" for private employment, "G" for government employment, "O" for own business, or "NP" for working without pay

    Supplemental Questions for a 20 Percent Sample of the Population

    For all ages

    Was the person living in the same house a year ago?

    If no to question 21, was the person living on a farm a year ago?

    If no to question 21, was the person living in the same county a year ago?

    If no to question 23...

    What county (or nearest place) was he living in a year ago?

    What state or foreign country was he living in a year ago?

    What country were the person's mother and father born in?

    What is the highest grade of school that the person has attended?

    Enumerators were to mark "0" for no school; "K" for kindergarten; "S1" through "S12" depending on the last year of elementary or secondary school attended; "C1" through "C4" depending on the last year of undergraduate college education attended; or "C5" for any graduate or professional school.

    Did the person finish this grade?

    Has the person attended school since February 1st?

    Enumerators could check a box for "yes" or "no" for those under thirty; for those over thirty, they were to check a box for "30 or over."

    For persons 14 years and older

    29. If the person is looking for work, how many weeks has he been looking for work?

    30. Last year, how many weeks did this person not work at all, not counting work around the house?

    31a. Last year, how much money did the person earn working as an employee for wages or salary?

    31b. Last year, how much money did the person earn working at his own business, professional occupation, or farm?

    31c. Last year, how much money did the person receive from interest, dividends, veteran's allowances, pensions, rents, or other income (aside from earnings)?

    32a. If this person is the head of the household: last year, how much money did his relatives in this household earn working for wages or salary?

    32b. If this person is the head of the household: last year, how much money did the person earn working at his own business, professional occupation, or farm?

    32b. If this person is the head of the household: last year, how much money did the person receive from interest, dividends, veteran's allowances, pensions, rents, or other income (aside from earnings)?

    33. If male: did he ever serve in the U.S. Armed Forces during...

    World War II

    World War I

    Any other time, including present service

    Supplemental Questions for a 3.5 Percent Sample of the Population

    34. To enumerator: if the person worked in the last year, is there any entry in columns 20a, 20b, or 20c?

    If yes, skip to question 36; if no, make entries for questions 35a, 35b, and 35c.

    35a. What kind of work does this person do in his job?

    35b. What kind or business or industry does this person work in?

    35c. Class of worker

    36. If ever married, has this person been married before?

    37. If married, widowed, divorced, or separated, how many years since this event occurred?

    38. If female and ever married, how many children has she ever borne, not counting stillbirths?

  • 24 Feb 2022 8:18 AM | Anonymous

    Randy Waites was watching the local television news two months ago at his home near Sacramento when he saw somebody appear briefly on the screen who shared his last name.

    The man, a tourist identified as Edward Waites, was being interviewed by KCRA Channel 3 about a major snowstorm that was about to hit Lake Tahoe during his family vacation there. Randy Waites, 55, quickly hit “pause” on the TV and took a photo of the screen. Then he called in his kids, who were in the next room.

    “Hey, look at this,” Randy said that afternoon, Dec. 22, as he pointed at the television. “We have the same name. It’s probably a coincidence, but I wonder if there’s a family connection.”

    It turns out there was a family connection, one that is much closer than what Randy Waites had guessed. You can read the full story in an article by Cathy Free published in the Washington Post at

  • 24 Feb 2022 8:06 AM | Anonymous

    The following was written by the Kentucky Genealogical Society:

    Finding Your Celtic Ancestors

    The Kentucky Genealogical Society will host a five-session webinar series on "Finding Your Celtic Ancestors" during March for $40 USD.  You can register for this series at

    Wanting to research your Irish and Scottish ancestors? Struggling to piece together these branches of your family tree?
    This five-part webinar series offered by the Kentucky Genealogical Society throughout the month of March brings you three of the world's leading genealogical educators on the topic:
      • Pamela Guye Holland
      • Chris Paton
      • Maurice Gleeson
    All webinars are recorded and available for one month to view on-demand. If you can't make the live webinar or you find yourself having internet or technology challenges, you'll be able to view the webinars on-demand as often as you'd like for one month following the live events. If you aren't a member, you will be sent an email with links to all five webinars at the completion of the series.
      1. Monday, March 7: 4 to 5 p.m. PST: "Where Did They Come From: Irish Migration Routes" with Pamela Guye Holland

      2. Tuesday, March 15: 4 to 5 p.m. PDT: "Researching in Irish Records" with Pamela Guye Holland

      3. Saturday, March 19: 11 a.m. to 12 noon PDT: "Discover Scottish Church Records" with Chris Paton

      4. Saturday, March 19: 12:10 to 1:30 p.m. PDT: "Scottish Marriage - Instantly Buckled for Life" with Chris Paton

      5. Saturday, March 26: 11 a.m. to 12 noon PDT: "DNA and Irish Genealogy: Where to Now" with Maurice Gleeson
  • 23 Feb 2022 7:43 PM | Anonymous

    Larry Bleiberg has written an article about places to go to get started in finding your family tree. Writing, in USA TODAY, Bleiberg suggests all sorts of things from the Family History Library in Salt Lake City to cruise ships and even at a five-star resort in Ireland (useful for Irish ancestry, obviously). The article was published in 2014 but is still useful today.

    You can read 10 Great Places to Trace Family Roots by Larry Bleiberg at

    As I read the article, I had to agree that each place listed was a great resource but I believe Bleiberg overlooked the best place of all: start at home. Talk to your older relatives first as they often can provide more information than any (expensive) trip to a distant archive.

    If you still live within driving distance of your most recent ancestors, you also should check out local resources. Local libraries, courthouses, and other resources often provide much more information than do distant archives.

    Visit a local Family History Center near you. There are thousands of them around the world and they provide huge resources. You can find your nearest Family History Center by starting at

    Traveling to a distant archive without preparation and expecting to find information there is usually disappointing. You cannot walk in and say "Please show me the book of all my ancestors." It simply doesn't work that way. More than one unprepared would-be family tree seeker has been disappointed after visiting a major genealogy archive.

    Always do your homework first. Learn as much as possible BEFORE you make the trip. The better prepared you are, the higher the odds of success.

    As good as Larry Bleiberg's article may be, I would suggest it should be the SECOND article you read. I'd suggest the first one should be Getting Started With Your Family History at

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