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  • 6 Apr 2022 3:24 PM | Anonymous

    I get questions occasionally about the two different email messages that I send out. I decided to write about the process here in the newsletter in case other people have questions about them:

    There are TWO different newsletters: one that gets delivered 6 days a week (Tuesday through Sunday, if there are any new articles) plus a different email newsletter that gets delivered on Monday late morning or in the afternoon (Eastern U.S. time). 

    The Monday newsletter is the only one that's first sentence says, "This is the once-a-week Email Update for all subscribers to Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter..."

    The daily newsletters have a first sentence that says, "This is a daily email message that lists all the new articles..."

    The two different email messages are sent by two different email servers and have two different lists of addresses to send them to. The two different email newsletters are not connected together in any way. You may subscribe to both or to one or the other or to none at all. Your choice.

    In both cases, at the bottom of both newsletters, there is a link that says "UNSUBSCRIBE." On the newsletter you do not want, click on that link. That will stop that one newsletter and not affect the other one.

    If you want to subscribe to the daily newsletters, go to

    - Dick Eastman

  • 6 Apr 2022 3:07 PM | Anonymous

    Ellis Island seems to receive all the publicity for immigrants arriving in New York City. Many people do not realize that Ellis Island did not begin operations until 1892. More than 73 million Americans can trace their ancestry to immigrants who arrived in New York City prior to that year. From 1830 until 1890, these new arrivals first stepped ashore at Castle Garden in lower Manhattan.

    The site of Castle Garden remains as one of the oldest public open spaces in continuous use in New York City. American Indians fished from its banks, and the first Dutch settlers built a low stone wall with cannons as a battery to protect the harbor and New Amsterdam. The stone wall was later converted to a street that is now the well-known financial center called Wall Street.

    The Castle Garden immigration processing center started operation in 1830. By 1890, the arriving throngs were overcrowding the center, and there was no room to expand the facility since the ocean and the city surrounded it.

    After reviewing several possible sites, the United States government selected Ellis Island for the establishment of a new federal immigration center for New York. On the island, it would be easier to screen and protect the new immigrants before they proceeded out onto the streets of Manhattan. Castle Garden processed its last immigrant in April 1890.

    After the closing of Castle Garden in 1890, immigrants were processed at an old barge office in Manhattan until the opening of the Ellis Island Immigration Center on January 1, 1892. Then a huge fire at Ellis Island occurred during the night of June 14, 1897. The fire burned the entire immigration complex to the ground. Nobody was hurt, and nobody knows why it happened or who started it. However, many state and federal records were lost in that fire.

    Immigration processing was moved back to the old barge office in Manhattan while Ellis Island was being rebuilt. In December of 1900, the new Main Building on Ellis Island was opened, and 2,251 immigrants were received that day. In a single day in 1907, 11,747 immigrants were processed at Ellis Island. 

    Castle Garden was soon forgotten by almost everyone, with the exception of those who processed through the facility and later generations of family genealogists. Castle Garden was soon converted to other uses. A theater stood on the site for many years and was used by the likes of Phineas T. Barnum. Today it is a city park, called Battery Park, and is the departure point for the ferry to the Statue of Liberty. Today's Battery Park is actually bigger now than it once was, having been extended into the harbor over the years by landfill.

    While the Ellis Island fire of 1897 did destroy some of the records of Castle Garden, the ships' manifest records of those years survived.

    The Battery Conservancy has created an online database of information about 10 million immigrants for the years 1830 through 1892, the years before Ellis Island opened. All these records are extracted from the original ship manifests. If you are one of the more than 73 million Americans who are descended from those who entered at Castle Garden, you can probably find your ancestors in this database.

    This week I went to the Castle Garden site and conducted several searches with great success. I found that the site's free search allows you to search by first name, last name, date range, place of origin, occupation, and name of ship. You can search by any combination of those elements. Anything that is unknown can be left blank. The result will be a display of all the matches to the parameters you supply.

    As usual, I started with my own surname. A few seconds later I was looking at a list of 78 immigrants who share the same last name as mine. I was a bit disappointed to find that one immigrant was listed with a first name of “Mr.” while his wife's first name was listed as “Mrs.” Another's first name was listed as “A.C.,” and a fourth seemed to have the first name of “Miss M.” However, the rest of the entries had true first names, as expected.

    By clicking on menu items, I found that one person named Eastman was 34 years old when he arrived from Liverpool, England, on the ship Abyssinia on February 17, 1871. He was a music professor. Perhaps that is enough information for a descendant to make the connection, even without a listed first name.

    The following is an example of a more typical entry:


    Occupation: Farmer

    Age: 35

    Sex: M

    Literacy: U

    Arrived: 1884-05-05

    Origin: England

    Port: Liverpool & Queenstown

    Last Residence:

    Destination: USA

    Plan: Unknown

    Ship: Alaska

    Passage: Unknown

    All searches are FREE of charge. Donations are solicited to help maintain this site for all. is a great resource for educators, scholars, students, family historians, and the interested public.

    For more information about the online Castle Garden immigration database or to search the records, go to

  • 6 Apr 2022 2:41 PM | Anonymous

    The following announcement was written by the Slt Lake Institute of Genealogy (SLIG):

    SLIG Scholarship Applications Due May 1st

    Applications are now being accepted for several scholarships available to participants in upcoming SLIG events. The deadline for each scholarship is May 1, 2022. Summaries are included below.  Click on each scholarship title for links to additional details and application procedures.

    UGA Jimmy B. Parker Scholarship

    The UGA Jimmy B. Parker Scholarship provides a guaranteed seat and full tuition to one course of choice at either SLIG 2023 or SLIG Academy for Professionals 2023. This scholarship will be awarded to an individual who has demonstrated commitment to genealogical excellence and community involvement.

    Laura G. Prescott Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy Scholarship

    The Laura G. Prescott Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy Scholarship provides a guaranteed seat and full tuition to one course of choice at SLIG Fall Virtual 2022, SLIG 2023, or SLIG Academy for Professionals 2023. (In years when SLIG meets in person, this scholarship also covers lodging.) Applicants may be of any age or skill level but should exhibit a passion for genealogy, appreciate the importance of education and standards in our field, and serve the community through volunteerism.

    SLIG Scholarship for First-Time Institute Attendees

    The SLIG Scholarship for First-Time Institute Attendees provides a guaranteed seat and full tuition to one course of choice at SLIG 2023. (In years when SLIG meets in person, this scholarship also can include a waiver for one night's lodging during SLIG at the Hilton.) Applicants should meet these qualifications: (1) never have attended, nor will be attending, any of the national genealogical institutes prior to SLIG 2023; (2) have previously sought to improve their genealogical education through formal or informal means; (3) have an intermediate or above level of research knowledge and skills, and are ready for an in-depth learning experience; and (4) have identified a SLIG 2023 course that meets their ongoing educational objectives.


    MyHeritage Chris Darrington Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy Scholarship

    The MyHeritage Chris Darrington Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy Scholarship provides a guaranteed seat and full tuition to one course of choice at SLIG 2023. Applicants may be of any age or skill level (most SLIG courses require at least an intermediate level of skill) and have a genuine passion for family history, a strong desire to improve their research skills through quality education, and an enthusiasm for serving the genealogical community.

    SLIG Intermediate Foundations Scholarship

    The SLIG Intermediate Foundations Scholarship provides a guaranteed seat and full tuition to the Intermediate Foundations course offered at SLIG Fall Virtual 2022. For more information about the Intermediate Foundations course, click this link. Applicants should meet these qualifications: (1) have a strong working knowledge of basic genealogical research principles and have had several years of experience applying those principles using a variety of record sources to identify ancestors and confirm relationships; (2) have utilized a variety of formal and informal educational opportunities to obtain and strengthen knowledge, and now feel ready for an in-depth, curriculum-based learning experience; (3) have time available each week during the course to spend at least three hours in class sessions plus five to ten hours to complete homework; and (4) have reviewed the course description and outline to identify how this course will help meet their educational objectives.
  • 6 Apr 2022 8:43 AM | Anonymous

    Majority-Black Detroit has become the largest U.S. city to challenge its figures from the 2020 census following a national head count in which the U.S. Census Bureau acknowledges that a higher percentage of African Americans were undercounted than last decade, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

    Leaders of Michigan's largest city, which is more than three-quarters Black, had questioned the results of the 2020 census since last December when they released a report suggesting that more than 8% of the occupied homes in 10 Detroit neighborhoods may have been undercounted.

    Detroit filed its challenge late last week, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

    In a letter to the Census Bureau, Mayor Michael Duggan said insufficient resources and not enough census takers were devoted to the count in Detroit, resulting in an undercount of unoccupied homes that could amount to tens of thousand of residents being overlooked.

    You can read more in an article by Mike Schneider and Corey Williams published in Yahoo News at:

  • 5 Apr 2022 7:59 PM | Anonymous

    What a great idea! A new time capsule feature could start some bigger conversations amongst Irish descendants — 100 years from now.

    At the end of this year's census form, people were given the chance to voluntarily add a time capsule message, which is set to remain private until 2122. It could be an opportunity to leave a message to future generations or historians.

    The census, which took place Sunday, encouraged those filling out the voluntary form to consider what insights descendants might be able to learn about life in 2022 a century from now. Then today's citizens could write anything they wish their descendants (and others) to read.

    "Will they feel a strong connection with us, as we do now when we look up the individual census records from 1901 and 1911?" the census website asks.

    You can read more in an article by Rina Torchinsky published in the NPR web site at:

    I hereby propose we do the same thing in the 2030 U.S. Census.

  • 5 Apr 2022 11:54 AM | Anonymous

    In March 2022, MyHeritage added 18.1 million historical records in 12 collections from countries across the globe, including Australia, Austria, France, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Switzerland, and Ukraine. With this addition, the total number of historical records on MyHeritage now adds up to 16.9 billion.

    You can find more details about each of the collections in the MyHeritage Blog at

  • 5 Apr 2022 10:36 AM | Anonymous

    Without an every-name census index it might be harder to find your people, but it's still possible. Nancy Messier's suggestions for the steps that will make it easier may be found at

  • 5 Apr 2022 10:23 AM | Anonymous

    This may be of interest to some people, especially those with Vermont ancestry:

    Silver Special Collections is pleased to announce the launch of our latest digital collection, Diaries. The collection provides access to more than thirty digitized and transcribed Vermont diaries from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century, with three-fourths of the diaries authored by women. Special Collections staff (Ingrid Bower, Erin Doyle, Hannah Johnson, Sharon Thayer) and student employees (Ella Breed, Dorothy Dye, Ibrahim Genzhiyev, Tabitha Ireifej, Mike Malone) transcribed the diaries during the work-from-home portion of the Covid-19 pandemic. The latest Special Collections blog post features five of the women diarists, including Genieve Lamson, Mandana White Goodenough, Mary Kelley, Mary Farnham and Caroline Crane Marsh. In the coming months we will add an additional thirty-plus diaries from Mary Jean Simpson and two diaries that Henry Brownell kept during his time in Japanese-occupied China in the late 1930s.

    You can learn more in the University of Vermont web site at:
  • 4 Apr 2022 2:09 PM | Anonymous

    If you own books printed in the Ukrainian language (or Russian or English), you may be interested in this article published in the Internet Archive Blog:

    The Internet Archive is requesting donations of Ukrainian books and books useful to Ukrainians. The books will be preserved, digitized and lent (for free to one user at a time) over the Internet. The Internet Archive is prioritizing the digitization and hosting of relevant materials for Ukrainians.

    Already the University of Toronto and University of Alberta has sponsored the digitization of sizable Ukrainian collections, where the total collections on total over 8,000 items in Ukrainian.

    But we need much more to support Ukrainians, many of whom are displaced and do not have access to their schools and libraries.

    We need your help.  Together we can preserve all published works and make them as widely available as we can.  

    The Internet Archive provides free downloading of public domain materials, services for those with print disabilities, free Controlled Digital Lending of books, free interlibrary loan services, free hosting for materials that are uploaded to, and supports web archiving efforts.  These services can be more relevant to Ukrainians with your help.

    Please donate physical books and other materials, upload relevant materials to, and also consider financial support for our activities.  

  • 4 Apr 2022 1:58 PM | Anonymous

    The following "help wanted" advertisement was written by the North Carolina Genealogical Society:

    The North Carolina Genealogical Society is seeking an Executive Director to support the consistent achievement of the mission, goals and objectives of the Society. The Executive Director has administrative, operational and strategic responsibilities, and must be able to communicate effectively with members, prospective members, volunteers, support staff, board members, and others in the genealogical community.

    This is a part-time, work from home position with an expectation of 30-35 hours of work per week. Qualified candidates must demonstrate the ability to set and meet goals and to achieve successful outcomes in a self-directed work environment. A Bachelor’s degree and a minimum of three years of experience in a leadership role in a nonprofit environment and/or professional education or certification in nonprofit management are required. The pay range for this position is $35,000-45,000 per year depending on experience and qualifications.

    NCGS was founded in 1974 for the purpose of increasing interest in and raising the standards of genealogy research and compilation, acquainting members with resources, serving as a medium of exchange of information, and promoting the collection, preservation, and utilization of materials of genealogical and historical value. Visit the website,, to learn more about the organization.

    The Search Committee will be accepting resumés until 30 April 2022, or until the position is filled. Contact Laurel Sanders,, for more information and to apply.

    Click here for complete job description.

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