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  • 29 Nov 2022 6:11 PM | Anonymous

    The following article is from the (U.S.) National Archives and Records Administration Blog:

    NARA expects to release the 1960 census on April 1, 2032.  This is the first in a series of blog posts on the 1960 census.

    Less than 10 years from now, on April 1, 2032, NARA expects to release the 1960 population census. Staff members are already at work to make this happen on time!  Why so soon?  The sheer volume of records makes it imperative.  There are 41,000 microfilm rolls of 1960 census records, which is 6.4 times more than the number of microfilm rolls for the 1950 census. The table below shows the number of accessioned census microfilm rolls received by NARA from the Bureau of the Census for the 1900 to 1960 censuses.  The number of rolls needed for each census depended upon the number of census pages, the length of microfilm used, the photographic reduction ratio, and the number of census pages filmed per roll.

    Census Year

    Number of

    Microfilm Rolls

    U.S. Population

    1900 1,854 76,212,168
    1910 1,784 92,228,496
    1920 2.076 106,021,537
    1930 2,668 123,202,624
    1940 4,645 132,164,569
    1950 6,373 151,325,798
    1960 41,000 179,323,175


    Why are there 41,000 16mm microfilm rolls? The 1960 census was conducted mostly by self-enumeration so each household has a separate census form. Separate forms meant more paper, and more paper meant more microfilm (photograph) images.  The paper forms were destroyed after microfilming.  In addition, 1960 census microfilm rolls tend to be around 100 feet in length, which is much shorter than most microfilm rolls from prior census years. 

    What is NARA doing now?

      • We’ve started scanning the population census microfilm to create high quality digital images that will be released on April 1, 2032. As microfilm rolls are scanned, staff members will create “metadata” that identify state, county, Enumeration District number, and other necessary information.
      • We’ve started reviewing the administrative (background) records for interesting and useful records about the planning, taking, and analysis of the 1960 census. Digital images of some of these unrestricted records will be added to NARA’s Catalog over the next 10 years.  Our 1960 Census Blog post series will discuss that material.

    What is NARA doing now?

    Title 13 of the United States Code prohibits unauthorized disclosure of confidential census information, such as the 1960 and later population census records. NARA takes this responsibility seriously and protects the records in several ways:

      • NARA keeps confidential census microfilm in secure temperature and humidity controlled archival storage locations to which only specific designated individuals have access.
      • NARA limits the number of staff who work with confidential census records.  These staff members must be authorized by the Bureau of the Census (BOC) to work with confidential material and take the same annual training as employees of the BOC.  They are sworn for life (or until the materials are legally released for public use) to protect confidential census information.
      • NARA employees who are authorized to work with confidential census material are granted access only to the materials they need to conduct their immediate work assignments, and lose access to materials they no longer need to work with.
      • Digital images of restricted microfilmed census records are stored on secure servers that are not connected to the internet.

    Census records tell us about the past, but archival institutions like NARA must continually think about and plan for the future.  As Fleetwood Mac once wrote, “Don’t stop thinking about the future, it will soon be here….”

    Author's Note:  In the table above, the number of microfilm rolls is the total for both the United States and its territories and overseas possessions; the U.S. population figures are for the United States only.

  • 29 Nov 2022 6:05 PM | Anonymous

    From an interesting article by Sara Jabakhanji published in the VBC News web site:

    Experts in genetics and criminology say this is an "exciting time" for DNA mining technology and its potential impact in helping solve cold cases — after police identified and charged a man in the deaths of two women in Toronto dating back nearly four decades.

    Ontario Provincial Police arrested Joseph George Sutherland, 61, in northern Ontario on Nov. 24. Sutherland was brought to Toronto to face two counts of first-degree murder for the deaths of Susan Tice and Erin Gilmour in 1983, both of whom were sexually assaulted and stabbed to death in their beds, four months apart.

    In a news conference Monday, Toronto police said the findings would not have been possible without the help of investigative genetic genealogy (IGG) to identify and trace back the family tree of the accused.

    "It's a very, very exciting time because if we can essentially resolve even a small percentage more of our missing persons or unidentified human remains cases, that's really incredible," said Nicole Novroski, an assistant professor of forensic genetics at the University of Toronto.

    "The technology itself is incredibly useful and incredibly powerful within this investigative arena," she told CBC Toronto.

    But Novroski also said it's important that the database collected is done so with public consent. The process involves cross-referencing DNA found at crime scenes with samples voluntarily submitted to services such as 23andMe or and then uploaded to open-source databases like GEDmatch, a site that compares DNA data files from various testing companies.

    "The number one thing to remember is that everybody who is in the database should be providing their consent to be in the database, to be searched against or to be searched for in order for this to be kind of a viable technology that people are comfortable using."

    The full article is much longer and provides numerous details. You can read it at:

  • 29 Nov 2022 12:56 PM | Anonymous

    Apple has announced its list of App Store award winners for this year along with the top chart for most downloaded apps and games across free and paid categories. These awards include apps for all of the company’s platforms including the iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, Mac, and Apple TV. 

    What caught my eye is that Synium Software GmbH’s MacFamilyTree 10 — a visual family tree exploration app — was noted as the top Macintosh app of the year.

    You can read the announcements at:

    Synium Software GmbH’s MacFamilyTree 10 may be found at:

    Quoting the program's description on the Synium web site:

    MacFamilyTree 10 - Genealogy for Mac

    Discover and experience your personal family history, explore your origins, your ancestors, and how your family has evolved over the course of time. MacFamilyTree 10 offers you a wide range of options to capture and visualize your family history. Search the free FamilySearch archive, which contains billions of genealogical entries, and continue your research on the go, using MobileFamilyTree (available separately) for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.

    No matter how you want to document your findings, MacFamilyTree 10 is the perfect genealogy solution for you. Display your relationships in reports, visually appealing charts, or the innovative Virtual Tree 3D view, or invite other users to contribute to your family tree in real time by using the free "CloudTree Sync&Share" feature.

    Also available for iOS & iPadOS: MobileFamilyTree 10

  • 29 Nov 2022 12:33 PM | Anonymous

    In 1920, after the passage of the 19th Amendment, Boston's women registered to vote by the thousands. The 1920 Women's Voter Registers now live at the Boston City Archives and document women's names, addresses, places of birth and occupations. Sometimes women provided additional information about their naturalization process to become a US citizen, including where their husbands were born because in 1920, a woman's citizenship status was tied to her husband's nationality. 

    The Mary Eliza Project, named after African American nurse, civil rights activist, and Boston voter Mary Eliza Mahoney, is transcribing these valuable handwritten records into an easily searchable and sortable dataset. We've recently finished transcribing the Ward 11 registers and have added them into our dataset. Transforming the Ward 11 Women Voters Registers into a dataset gives us new information and insights into the lives of women in northern Dorchester. 

    Most Ward 11 women voters were born in Massachusetts, but we also found large numbers of women born in Ireland and Canada. Women born in Germany, Denmark, France, Belgium, Norway, Poland, and more also make an appearance. 

    You can read more at:

  • 29 Nov 2022 12:17 PM | Anonymous

    An estimated 80,000 Estonians fled the country during World War II and the Institute of Historical Memory is now establishing a database to enable further research. It is also seeking people's help.

    "Despite great public interest in the matter during the past decades, we still do not have a clear overview of the number of refugees, their origin, nor their social background," the institute says. "The database creates a necessary foundation for further research, and tells the story of our previous generations."

    Initially, the project is focusing on refugees' first destinations – Sweden and Germany.

    "We endeavor to compile a primary database of refugees using existing directories in archives. However, we will need people's help in collecting the names of those refugees who went missing on the journey," the institute says.

    It is hoped the first stage will be completed by September 2024. President Alar Karis is the project's patron.

    More information about the project can be viewed here.   

  • 28 Nov 2022 6:44 PM | Anonymous

    Here is a list of all of this week's articles, all of them available here at

    (+) Some Thoughts About Organizing Documents and Folders on Your Hard Drive

    MyHeritage Adds New Themes to AI Time Machine

    Our Ancestors' Dental Care

    New U.S. National Archives Catalog Debuts

    NARA to Award $1.9 Million for Historical Records Projects

    Ft. Ticonderoga Acquires Major Collection as It Prepares for 250th Anniversary of American Revolution

    The Spooky Quest to Build a Google Maps for Graveyards

    1881 Census on Map Explorer

    Archives New Zealand Services Worst in Decades, Say Experts

    LOD.Lu - the "Lëtzebuerger Online Dictionnaire" Now Available

    Findmypast Announces Records for Parishes and Paupers New Online This Week

    The Best Walkie-Talkie Apps for Android and iOS

  • 28 Nov 2022 9:56 AM | Anonymous
    Atlantic Geomatics is creating a map of the UK’s cemeteries to help people track down their ancestors’ final resting place.

    A walk through the 167-year-old Carlisle Cemetery in the northwest of England took Tim Viney past the graves of World War soldiers, Victorian monuments, a narrow stream, and evergreen trees and shrubs. But in 2016, when Viney tried to visit his parent’s gravesites while attending another funeral, he couldn’t find them. “Because there were no marks and they were in a woodland burial ground, you couldn’t get an exact location,” he says.

    It is not that there are no maps of cemeteries—it’s just that they are mostly only on paper and out of date. And in that woodland burial ground, the first of its kind in the UK, oak trees have been planted over biodegradable graves, so there are no headstones. Instead, since 1993, the deceased have been remembered with small brass plaques on a nearby wall.

    Viney’s experience of searching for his parent’s graves in the 72-acre municipal cemetery in Carlisle sparked an idea. “I thought it would be quite good to be able to find people easily,” he says. His company has now taken on the task of mapping every churchyard and municipal burial ground in England—a total of more than 18,000—to create a Google Street View of graveyards in which descendants, genealogists, and conservationists can click on a map and see who was buried there and when.

    Viney knows his way around maps. The surveyor worked for more than 20 years in different parts of the world, from the Caribbean to the Middle East, before returning to Cumbria in England. In 2002, Viney took over a surveying company with three employees and renamed it Atlantic Geomatics. Since then, the company has undertaken significant projects, including mapping Gibraltar on behalf of the British government, which took five years.

    The database that Atlantic Geomatics is now developing with the Church of England (CofE) will be of particular interest to amateur and professional genealogists. Popular TV shows such as Who Do You Think You Are?, in which celebrities search for distant relatives, have sparked interest in family history and even heritage tourism. The Society of Genealogists has about 12,000 members spread across the globe.

    But finding out where ancestors are buried is time-consuming. When vicars receive inquiries from citizens, they have to browse through their registers and index cards to find marriage and burial certificates and then find the matching names on the paper maps of their churchyards. The online database, which is launching in late 2022, will be a go-to resource for interactive maps, records, and photos of headstones and memorials, says Viney. “It will save a huge amount of time and potentially bring some revenue to the churches.” The public will be able to view the map and click on individual graves on a website, but will have to pay a fee to search names and dates or download records and photos.

    You can read more at:

  • 28 Nov 2022 9:51 AM | Anonymous

    From an article by André Chumko and published in the web site:

    Archives NZ is in its worst state in decades, those who use its services say, but the minister responsible for the national archive disagrees, saying the current arrangement is working “really well”.

    Last week the Government’s record-keeping authority removed public access to its widely used online collections search tool – which had only been live since February – due to a potential privacy and security breach, after restricted files became visible.

    Late on Tuesday Archives reinstated access to the search tool, with chief archivist Anahera Morehu saying she was satisfied there was no breach.

    “These issues are not what we anticipated, or expected, from a new system when it was introduced. Collections search will continue to be monitored closely ... and we’re prepared to quickly respond to any potential future issues,” Morehu said.

    You can read the full article at:

  • 28 Nov 2022 9:46 AM | Anonymous

    The following is a press release written by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration:

    A new, modernized National Archives Catalog launched online today. The new Catalog’s focus on scalability will allow the agency to reach its goal to get 500 million digitized pages in the Catalog by September 2026.

    The fully redesigned online public access Catalog makes accessing the agency’s holdings more intuitive for the user and improves the search experience by generating faster results.

    New features, such as a mobile-first design and enhanced image viewing, allow for an improved visual experience. A full list of all the new features, as well as those to come, can be found on the National Archives website.

    “We are happy to introduce a new, streamlined user experience and a modernized platform that will scale for the growth in the Catalog during the years ahead,” said Jill Reilly, Director for Digital Engagement. “The new OCR (optical character recognition) tool is a game changer for enhancing search, discovery, and access to digitized records.”

    Catalog users will now be able to access their accounts and make Citizen Archivist contributions via All Catalog user accounts have been migrated, and users will be able to sync their preexisting Catalog accounts with 

    The Citizen Archivist community on History Hub is available for tips on navigating these changes and is also where Citizen Archivists can ask and answer questions, or see if their question has already been answered.

    The legacy Catalog will still be available until March 2023, but results of searches that yield a high number of Catalog entries may be limited.

    Earlier this year, the Catalog topped 200 million digitized pages, and the latest additions are regularly updated on What’s New in the Catalog on the National Archives website.

  • 25 Nov 2022 4:52 PM | Anonymous

    The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

    A while ago I wrote an article and mentioned “search your hard drive for the file.”  A newsletter reader wrote and and suggested, "Maybe sometime you could talk about how you organize so you find all of this."

    Good idea! In fact, I will suggest that how to organize and file documents and pictures is only the first part of “the problem.” The bigger question is: “Can you quickly find and retrieve files in the future?”

    This article is the result of the reader's suggestion. Indeed, the "problem" of organizing your files and photographs in a computer becomes even bigger as you store more and more information. However, one thought keeps popping to my mind as I ponder this "problem."

    First, a little background. Most of us who are in our forties or beyond learned about filing and organizing long before computers became available in the household. We learned a lot about organizing printed things in a logical manner so that we could easily find and retrieve filed information when needed. We often filled 3-ring notebooks and even filing cabinets with folders containing all sorts of things. When we later moved into the computer age and saw things organized in digital documents that are then saved in something called folders, our minds naturally reverted to what we already had learned about printed documents and paper file folders. I will suggest, however, that sometimes reverting to old habits can be a good thing, and at other times it might be a bad thing.

    In the past, we have been taught to file everything in a logical sequence. Depending upon the documents in question, we might file alphabetically or sequentially. This works well for simple documents that are easily categorized as either alphabetical or sequential. However, that simplistic filing system tends to fall short when filing and retrieving more complex documents that serve multiple purposes.

    The remainder of this article is reserved for Plus Edition subscribers only. If you have a Plus Edition subscription, you may read the full article at:*)-Plus-Edition-News-Articles/13002862.

    If you are not yet a Plus Edition subscriber, you can learn more about such subscriptions and even upgrade to a Plus Edition subscription immediately at

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