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Note: The information in this archived copy was accurate on the date of publication. Since then, Web sites have appeared and disappeared, companies have been merged and many other facts have changed. You may find references in this archived copy that are no longer accurate.

EOGN: Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter

A Weekly Summary of Events and
Topics of Interest to Online Genealogists

Vol. 5 No. 30 – July 22, 2000

This newsletter was sponsored by,
a leader in providing print and electronic
research information to genealogists.

To learn about’s
state-of-the-art online genealogy databases
and other fine products,
visit the company’s three Internet properties,,, and

Past issues of this Newsletter
are available at:

Copyright © 2000 by Richard W. Eastman. All rights reserved.

If you do contact any of the companies or societies mentioned in this newsletter, please tell them that you read about their services in this newsletter.


- Free Access to All Databases
- Clooz
- Retrospect Publishing’s Pennsylvania CD-ROM Disks
- Archives of Maryland Online
- Changes at
- Mormon Immigration Index Available on CD-ROM
- Ellis Island Buildings Restoration Grant
- 10 Big Myths About Copyright
- Homepages Highlighted

- Free Access to All Databases, the sponsor of this newsletter, is offering a free trial period for its entire genealogy site. This includes all the databases that normally are available only to paid subscribers. Here is the announcement:

Site Celebrates 200,000 Subscriber Milestone by Offering Free Access to All 600 Million Records

PROVO, Utah, July 17 --, Inc., the leading online family network, is offering a free trial period for its premiere online genealogy resource,, in honor of the site surpassing 200,000 paid subscribers. The free trial begins tomorrow and runs through July 31, 2000. Among the most successful subscription-based sites on the Internet, has grown from nearly 92,000 subscribers to more than 200,000 in the last year, an increase of more than 100 percent. By making all areas of the site free during this two-week period, Internet users have an opportunity to share sources and family history leads with other friends and family members interested in genealogy.

"This free access period is our way of showing our appreciation for visitors' ongoing interest in and the information and services we provide," said Greg Ballard, CEO of, Inc. "By allowing free access to the site, we hope that many more people will discover what over 200,000 people already know -- that the experience of discovering one's family history is an extremely valuable and rewarding endeavor."

Visitors will be able to search and learn from the immense amount of family history information that the company has made available across its three genealogy-related sites:, and recently acquired In addition to the newly added viewable Civil War pension index cards, boasts more than 600 million records and 2,500 databases on the Web site. features more than 17,000 independently authored Web sites, approximately 19,000 mailing lists and 153,000 message boards. currently contains over 119,000 message boards that are divided into three main categories: Surnames, Geography and Research Topics.

About, Inc., Inc. is the leading online network for families. The company's four Internet sites,,, and, according to Media Metrix are among the 10 fastest growing sites and rank among the top 20 in total page views according to Nielsen/NetRatings. is the leading provider of free, private Web sites for families, where family members can share photos and news, participate in private voice and text chats, and maintain a calendar of family events. is the premier online resource for tracing family history, where visitors can discover their roots by searching more than 600 million names. hosts more than 100,000 free family history oriented message boards that allow users to connect and share information with others who are researching similar family lines. is the oldest and largest free community genealogy site. Privately held,, Inc. has offices in San Francisco, New York City and Provo, Utah. Investors in, Inc. include CMGI @Ventures (Nasdaq: CMGI), Eastman Kodak, America Online, Inc. (NYSE: AOL), Compaq Computer Corporation, Tango, Intel Capital, Group Arnault, Pivotal Asset Management LLC and Amerindo Investment Advisors, Inc. For more information, visit

- Clooz

Clooz for Windows is a "genealogy utility" program that has been available for some time. Author Elizabeth Kelley Kerstens has updated it several times, and this week I had an opportunity to install and learn about the latest edition, version 1.21.

Clooz is a bit difficult to describe to anyone who has not seen the program. Yet is easy to understand once you have used it for just a few minutes. Clooz is not a regular genealogy program. That is, it doesn’t create pedigree charts or other fancy reports showing ancestors and descendants. It certainly is not a general-purpose reporting program, even though it does generate reports.

Clooz is a research tool to help you keep track of the scraps of information that you find in your efforts to uncover genealogy data. It is a database for systematically storing all of the clues to your ancestry that you've been collecting over the years. You might think of it as an electronic filing cabinet that assists you with search and retrieval of important facts you've found during the ancestor hunt. Did you already find a particular person in the census records? Clooz can tell you. What records have you already searched? What documents have you already found that mention a particular person? Again, Clooz can help. The value of Clooz becomes most apparent as you begin to gather data on hundreds or even thousands of people; the program easily stores information, sorts and filters the information as needed and then displays only the results that you seek.

Many genealogy programs really only store the CONCLUSIONS of your genealogy research. Clooz stores all the information found along the way.

The program’s developer, Elizabeth Kelley Kerstens, is well qualified to design a program like this. She is a Certified Genealogical Record Specialist who speaks frequently on several genealogy-related topics at various events. She is also the managing editor of Genealogical Computing, editor of Board for Certification of Genealogists’ newsletter OnBoard and the Millennium Edition of the BCG Certification Roster, and former editor of the Association of Professional Genealogists Quarterly and both the 1997–98 and 1995–96 APG Directory of Professional Genealogists. In addition, she manages the Ancestor Detective Speakers Bureau. The Clooz Web site describes the development of Clooz:

Liz has been building the program that has become Clooz, since 1987 when she obtained her first IBM-compatible computer. It has been part of various databases over the years, but has grown within Microsoft Access since that program’s inception in about 1992. Always the organization freak, she has found it frustrating to find references—within her own files—to information she placed in early versions of genealogy programs that did not allow documentation. Hence, she created her own filing system, incorporating notebooks, top-loading archival document protectors, file numbers for each document/reference, and a cross reference in a database program to all the data within the documents or references. Clooz is only one piece of that puzzle. The rest of the filing system is up to the individual. The hardest part is maintaining the system, and ensuring all documents are entered and filed properly. But the value of the system becomes readily apparent when a document is urgently needed and can be found easily by doing a quick search in Clooz.

Installation was simple. Clooz is a database program written in Microsoft Access. Early in the installation I was asked which version of Clooz I wanted to install. It seems that there are three slightly different versions contained on the one CD-ROM disk:

  • Standalone version that only requires Windows 95 or 98. Most people will probably select this version.
  • Access 97 version for anyone who already has Access 97 installed on the same PC.
  • Access 2000 version for anyone who already has Access 2000 installed on the same PC.

I was installing on a Windows 98 computer that already had Access 2000 installed, so I selected the third option. After I answered the question about which version I wanted, the remainder of the installation required about 30 seconds to complete. An electronic copy of the user’s manual was also copied to my hard drive.

When I started Clooz for the first time, I was surprised to see the Microsoft Office Assistant appear. This is the little "helpful robot" that is included with a number of Microsoft products. If you have used Microsoft Word or Excel or similar products, you have probably seen the little paper clip with eyes that pops up with helpful information. (Actually, the character can be any of a number of characters, but the paper clip character is the one that appears first when a new program is installed. It can later be changed to one that looks like Albert Einstein or a cat or any of a number of other representations.) I must admit that I didn’t use the Office Assistant very much. Whenever I had a question, I either used the built-in Help menus or looked at the online user’s manual.

Clooz is based upon "forms" that the user fills in with information, either by manual entry or by importing the information from other programs. Forms included with the program include all the U.S. Federal censuses 1790-1920 (1890 is the Special Veterans’ Schedule), Irish 1901 and 1911 censuses, 1841-1891 United Kingdom censuses, 1852-1901 Canadian censuses, city directories, photographs, miscellaneous documents, Irish valuations, correspondence, and people.

Your first step should be to enter people into Clooz. You can do this in one of two ways: either by typing them in one at a time, or by importing them from your genealogy software or another database. I entered a few individuals manually from the "Clooz People" selection screen. Entering people manually is tedious, of course. I already had all these people in a genealogy program (The Master Genealogist), so I created a list and then imported the entire list into Clooz. The user’s manual tells how to create lists of people in the following genealogy programs:

  • Ancestral Quest
  • Brother's Keeper
  • Family Origins®
  • Family Tree Maker®
  • Generations
  • Legacy®
  • Personal Ancestral File
  • The Master Genealogist
  • Ultimate Family Tree

Once the list of people is exported from any of the above programs, it can easily be imported into Clooz.

There are six functions you can perform on this screen: sort the people by ID, alternate ID, surname, or given name; add a new person; search for a person; edit selected person; preview selected person's report; or close this form. I then decided to enter research notes about a few of these people. I had earlier gone through the 1790 United States census, so I decided to transcribe my handwritten research notes of that effort into Clooz. The "fill in the blanks" form asked for my Personal File number, which could be any numbering system that I invent for my own record keeping. The Publication roll was already filled in: M637, the catalog number for the 1790 census records on microfilm as published by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Other data items to be entered include the microfilm roll number, state, county, township, city, repository (location where the record was found) and Family History Library microfilm order number, if used. Once all of this preliminary information is added, the user clicks on an icon to add a new person to the form.

If the person to be added is already in the Clooz database, clicking on the Search icon brings up a menu that allows the user to select the needed person. Then clicking on the "Add this person" icon identifies this person as appearing in the 1790 census. If the person to be added is not already in the Clooz database, you can add them at any time by clicking on the "Add New person" icon.

Adding data is rather straightforward. The user does not have to re-enter the "header information" of Personal File number, microfilm roll number, state, county, township, city, repository, etc. for each individual. This is automatically inserted on each individual until the user manually changes it.

One Clooz form to note is Photographs. You can use Clooz to organize all your family photographs so that you will never again have to spend an hour searching for a photograph of great uncle Ebenezer. It can be right at your fingertips, if you have entered the data into Clooz, numbered the photograph, then filed it in numeric sequence. Clooz doesn’t store large digitized photographs but will store "thumbnails," tiny images that are typically one inch square. This is great for use when trying to quickly find a photograph; you can quickly search through the thumbnails. What’s more, you can even print a photo record with thumbnail pictures for each ancestor recorded in Clooz.

Of course, the real value of any program is the ability to extract the information as needed. Clooz offers two ways to do this: either by searching for a particular piece of information or by generating reports. I found the search capabilities to be quick and easy to learn. Searches are also very flexible, as you can search by several different criteria (such as name, type of record, etc.)

The reports available include:

  • All People
  • All Censuses
  • All Directories
  • All Documents
  • All Photos
  • All Photos w/People
  • All Sources
  • Selected Surnames
  • Selected Census/Directory Years
  • Selected Census/Directory Countries
  • Selected Census/Directory
  • States/Provinces
  • Selected Census Counties
  • Selected Directory Cities
  • Selected Document Events
  • Individuals
  • Specific Census Record
  • Specific Directory Record
  • Specific Document Record
  • Specific Photograph
  • Specific Source

Clooz is a very useful program for any genealogist. It organizes scraps of information in a manner that allows you to quickly and easily find data months or even years later. You can even record erroneous data or books that you searched which did not result in useful information. Recording those "negative hits" will often save time in the future when you can say, "I’ve already checked that and found that it was of no use." Clooz is especially useful if your present genealogy program is a bit weak at organizing scraps of data from your genealogy research.

Clooz version 1.21 sells for $39.95, plus $4 shipping. You can order it online at or from any of several dealers (Some dealers may sell it at a discount.). A 30-day money-back guarantee comes with the program if you purchase it directly from Ancestor Detective. The Clooz User's Manual is available online in Adobe PDF format. Before purchasing the program, you can first download the complete user’s manual at and read it from end to end to see if the program meets your needs.

Registered users of version 1.2 of Clooz may download a patch that provides the upgrade to version 1.21 at: Registered users of earlier versions can purchase an upgrade for $5.00.

- Retrospect Publishing’s Pennsylvania CD-ROM Disks

This week I had a chance to use one of the new CD-ROM disks for Windows produced by Retrospect Publishing of Alexandria, Virginia. This small company is producing CD-ROM disks containing electronic reprints of hard-to-find books, directories and other genealogy resources. The company produces a number of CD-ROM disks, one county per disk. The CD-ROM that I tried is called, "Butler County (Pennsylvania), the early 20th Century and Before." Quoting from the company’s Web site:

The over 1200 bibliographic sketches in the 1909 County History provides a treasure-trove of family history that often goes back several generations. The wealth of information and names does not stop at the sketches; it only begins, for there are countless names included in the special interest chapters. These include the development and founding of boroughs and townships of Butler County along with chapters on the newspapers, lawyers, doctors, oil men and soldiers of the county. Whether you are searching for the names of Revolutionary War Soldiers who settled in Butler, or are trying to locate rural neighbors in the Agricultural Directory which includes over 1800 names and map locations of Butler County residents, you are bound to learn more about the people and places that comprised Butler County during this period.

The Butler County, Pennsylvania CD-ROM contains electronic images of the pages from three printed books:

  • 20th Century History of Butler and Butler County, PA (Richmond Arnold Publishing Company; 1909)
  • American Agriculturist Farm Directory and Reference Book for Butler County, PA (Orange Judd Company; 1916)
  • 1900 Centennial Letter - To the Children of Butler County, PA (Simeon Nixon; 1900)

The CD-ROM contains the images of the original pages along with a proprietary Windows search engine developed by Retrospect Publishing. Installation was simple: double-click on SETUP.EXE and follow the instructions. The total installation time was less than one minute. The installed software is called "Retrospector" and works only with the Retrospect Publishing CD-ROM disks. It seems easy to use.

The left side of the screen displays three tabs: Contents, Search and Bookmarks. The Contents tab lists all the books on the CD-ROM, along with a list of the major sections or chapters of each book. You can jump directly to any section of any book by clicking on its name in the Contents tab. The Search tab allows you to search for individual words in the books. You may search for up to three words simultaneously.

The Bookmark tab allows you to save your place in a book so you can easily return to it later. It also provides a place for any notes you may want to make and will allow you to attach a label to a spot in a book or to a note.

The software combines the best of both worlds: actual images of the original books are displayed on the screen, and yet, unlike many other CD-ROM disks of scanned images, the user also can search on every word in the books. I quickly did a search for my own last name. The Retrospector software identified 11 "hits." I found that I could click on any of the "hits" and almost immediately view the appropriate page containing that name. While the word itself was not highlighted, a green bar in the margin did show the approximate location of the word that I had searched for. This green bar is very helpful for quickly finding the desired text.

I also found that adding my own notes to a page was easy. On any page, I could right-click and select Bookmark. I was then prompted for a label and for the text of the notes. After I entered the appropriate data, a yellow highlight appeared in the margin. Even better, the new Bookmark and labels are now shown in the list of bookmarks on the left side of the screen. It is easy to return time and again to bookmarked locations and text notes.

Printing a page is just as easy. Each page is documented as to its origin by additional text on the bottom of the page, such as, "Copyright 1999 Retrospect Publishing. All Rights Reserved. Pennsylvania Retrospect Series: Butler County – The Early 20th Century and Before; County History." If the page contains a bookmark, the label and text of that bookmark are also printed.

The Butler County, Pennsylvania CD-ROM will be of interest to anyone with roots in that county. Keep in mind that the data on this CD-ROM comes from history books, not from long lists of births, marriages and deaths. Many prominent citizens will be mentioned, along with some of the not-so-prominent. I especially found the history of the Civil War units from Butler County to be quite interesting as the information included complete lists of all the soldiers from Butler County.

All of Retrospect Publishing’s Pennsylvania CD-ROM disks require an IBM PC or compatible with 486 or higher CPU, 16 megabytes of RAM memory, 4 megabytes of hard drive space, Windows 95 or 98, a CD-ROM drive and a VGA display capable of displaying at least 256 colors. I was disappointed to find that the software does not work on Windows NT or Windows 2000.

The Butler County, Pennsylvania CD-ROM sells for $39.95 plus tax and shipping. The same company also sells similar CD-ROM disks for Allegheny, Beaver, Fayette and Westmoreland counties. Still other counties will be covered in future releases. For more information, look at:

- Archives of Maryland Online

The State of Maryland has an ambitious plan to make more than one million historical documents available online. According to the Web site at, these are documents that "form the constitutional, legal, legislative, judicial, and administrative basis of Maryland's government." Some of these documents will be of interest to genealogists. Original documents have been scanned and are available as TIFF images.

One example is Volume 3, "Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1636-1667," which is indexed by both name and topic. You can see this at:

Some transcriptions of marriage records are available at: Helpful information, such as finding aids and descriptions of microfilmed records, can be found at:

The Archives of Maryland Web site appears to be just getting started; a small number of records are available online today, but that number is certain to grow.

- Changes at

The Web site that is operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons) has a number of recent changes, including the following:

  • Research Guidance – An online tool that helps you decide what records to use to find information about your ancestor. It lists the best records to use, recommends the order in which to search them, provides step-by-step instructions for finding information in the records, and tells you where the copies of the records may be located.
  • Research Helps - An online index collection of all research helps. It includes research outlines, forms, maps, historical backgrounds and information on how to find a map, name variations and so forth.
  • Glossary - Definitions of words and terms that you may find in Research Guidance. The glossary even has many non-English words and their English translation.
  • The Pedigree Resource File is currently searching over 13 million names online, (the equivalent of CD-ROM discs 1-12). The Pedigree Resource File is a new database of records that have been submitted by individuals through FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service. This online index includes individual records with events, parent information, and submitter information. The compact disc version, (discs 1-10), of the Pedigree Resource File contains more family information. This family information is organized in family groups and pedigrees and may include notes and sources. Discs may be purchased individually or as sets. Each set contains five discs and an index. Each disc has about 1.1 million names. You can print many types of charts and reports and also export GEDCOM files from the database.
  • Web site searches have been improved. When you Search for Ancestors, the web pages that are returned are now much more relevant. The search function now uses more than just the surnames that you input. The full name of the individual and any other names and dates input are used to search web sites evaluated by volunteers. The pages returned should contain the names you input; however, relationships are not checked. (Note: You may wish to use the "Find on this page" feature of your browser to locate the names, especially on large web pages.) FamilySearch Internet is currently searching over 34,000 family history web pages.
  • FamilySearch Internet has over 123,000 Collaboration lists. To help you find a list more easily, each section is split into lists of 100. A navigation bar has been placed at the top and bottom of each page to view the next or previous 100 lists.

Even if you have used the Web site extensively in the past, you may wish to return and check out the new features. Look at:

- Mormon Immigration Index Available on CD-ROM

If you have Mormon ancestry, you may be interested in a new CD-ROM available from the church. The following is from the announcement:

The Mormon Immigration Index is a database of approximately 93,000 immigrants who traveled from various international ports to the United States between the years 1840 and 1890. Information in this database includes the age, country of origin, ports of departure and arrival, the company leader assigned to each voyage, and general voyage information. This index also contains transcriptions of autobiographies, journals, diaries, and letters of approximately 1,000 passengers. These immigrant accounts are linked to over 500 known LDS companies and provide a composite account of those who crossed the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to gather in Zion. Other people who took part of these voyages, but who were not members of the LDS Church are also listed in this index.

System Requirements:

    • Pentium processor (or higher)
    • Windows 95 (or higher) or Windows NT 4.0+
    • 8 MB RAM minimum (16 MB recommended)
    • CD-ROM drive (4X minimum recommended)
    • VGA Monitor with 256-color-capable video card
    • 25 MB hard-disk space

The Mormon Immigration Index costs $5.00 (U.S. funds) and can be purchased online. Look at:

- Ellis Island Buildings Restoration Grant

The Office of the First Lady released the following announcement this week:

Historic Ellis Island Buildings

In an effort to preserve one of America's most significant cultural landmarks, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton today announced $870,000 in public and private donations to restore deteriorating buildings on historic Ellis Island. Mrs. Clinton visited the island as part of the "Save America's Treasures" program, an ongoing effort to protect the nation's most important -- and threatened -- sites and objects.

Mrs. Clinton was joined by Sens. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., and Bob Graham, D-Fla., and Rep. Nita Lowey, D-N.Y., in making the announcement.

A new Save America's Treasures grant of $500,000, officially announced by President Clinton on July 7 at a ceremony in Washington, D.C., will support restoration of the roof and masonry and replacement of windows and doors at the Laundry and Hospital Outbuilding on the south side of the island. This year's grant is in addition to last year's Save America's Treasures grant of $1,145,975 to help stabilize and restore the Ferry Building. The First Lady also announced $370,000 in new private funding that will complete the restoration of the interior of the Ferry Building.

The federal Save America's Treasures grants require a dollar-for-dollar match, and the State of New Jersey's Save Ellis Island! Foundation has already identified the match for the Ferry Building grant and has guaranteed the match for the new grant to the Hospital Building.

Ellis Island was the country's principal immigration station from 1892 to 1954. An estimated 40 percent of Americans trace their roots to ancestors arriving through the historic site. The Laundry and Hospital Outbuilding, vacant for decades, is in extremely poor condition with a collapsed roof and major structural damage. The Ferry Building was the site where immigrants took their first steps on American soil and officials separated the apparently healthy from the sick. President and Mrs. Clinton kicked off the Save America's Treasures program in 1998 at an event announcing the restoration of the Star Spangled Banner in Washington, D.C. The program helps communities around the country maintain and restore their historic sites and objects in this millennial time. Nearly $50 million in private funds have been raised to supplement the $60 million in federal grants awarded this year and last. Save America's Treasures is a public-private partnership of the White House Millennium Council, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Park Service. Ellis Island is one of the more than 550 national and local historic sites, collections, objects and documents that have been designated as official projects of the Save America's Treasures program.

Mrs. Clinton has visited 41 Save America's Treasures sites to help increase public awareness of our nation’s urgent preservation needs. An estimated $2 billion is still needed to address the restoration and conservation needs of other Save America's Treasures sites.

- 10 Big Myths About Copyright

In recent weeks I have received a number of e-mail messages concerning copyrights. Many of the messages are along the lines of, "I gave my genealogy information to another person and now he has published it online. Can he legally do that without my permission?"

I am no lawyer and certainly am not a position to offer legal advice. However, I did find a great Web site that gives detailed information about copyrights, especially as to how copyright laws work in an online world. The information presented refers primarily to United States laws. The site is not genealogy-specific, but the information there does apply to genealogy data as well as all sorts of other information.

To learn more about copyright laws in the digital age, read Brad Templeton’s "10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained" at:

- Home Pages Highlighted

The following is a list of some of the genealogy-related World Wide Web home pages that have been listed recently on

County Mayo, Ireland connections to the BARRETT and GAUGHAN names. Pages include some pictures, and files of transcriptions for Church Records from County Mayo and Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania:

Breeden and Loveday surnames of Sevier County, Tennessee:

CHADDOCK family ancestors and descendants of the USA and UK:

Craycroft, Craycraft, Bresnahan and/or Bresnan ancestors:

Reunion of all Hatch descendants in North America, to take place in 2001:

Photos of the Lars ANDERSEN & Marie Cecilie LARSEN family of Bro Skov & Bogense, Denmark:

123 Genealogy - The Genealogy Training Site. Genealogical speakers, live conference recordings and interviews. Over 6,000 recordings from these conferences N.G.S., Jewish Conf., F.G.S., GENTECH, U.G.A., expert interviews on needed topics, a wide choice of online media training that makes learning from the experts easy:

Descendants of Robert Purdon and wife Jane Ferguson who emigrated from Glasgow, Scotland to Lanark County, Ontario, Canada in 1821:

Home page of the Silicon Valley PAF Users Group, and site for ordering the Family History Documentation Guidelines:

A site designed to help researchers of 100,000 British Home Children sent to Canada 1870-1940 Site has names of +1,000 children:

Descendants of Francois Dupuis of St.Laurent-Sur-Gorre, Limousin, France and Laprairie, Quebec, Canada:

The Has Bean Webpage-- descendants of Henry Beane (Bean) of Virginia:

History of a midwestern branch of the Gehling family as told in the biographies and descendants of six of its firstborn sons:

Banyan Tree - Genealogy of the Hawaiian Family NAHAOLELUA and descendants - Hawaiian genealogy page, links to Hawaii-related research sites, family tree, reference book list, etc.:

To submit your home page to this newsletter, enter the necessary information at: Due to the volume of new Web pages submitted, I am not able to list all of them in the newsletter.

Are you interested in the articles in this newsletter? Would you like to learn more or ask questions or make comments about these articles? Join this newsletter’s online discussion group on CompuServe’s Genealogy Techniques Forum. CompuServe members using Netscape, Internet Explorer or CompuServe 2000 can go to If you are using Classic CompuServe, you can GO ROOTS.

If you would like to submit news, information or press releases for possible inclusion in future newsletters, send them to The author does reserve the right to accept or reject any articles submitted.

DISCLAIMER: This newsletter is being written and sent via e-mail at no charge. I expect to write one new issue on a more or less weekly basis. However, life sometimes interferes, and the need to earn a living may create an occasional delay.

COPYRIGHTS: The contents of this newsletter are copyright by Richard W. Eastman with the following exception:

Many of the articles published in these newsletters contain quotes or references from others, especially from other Web sites, software users manuals, press releases and other public announcements. Any words in this newsletter attributed to another person or organization remain the copyrighted materials of the original author(s).

You are hereby granted rights, unless otherwise specified, to re-distribute articles from this newsletter to other parties provided:

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. Also, please include the following statement with any articles you re-distribute:

The following article is from Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright 2000 by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author.

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About the author: Dick Eastman is the forum manager of the three Genealogy Forums on CompuServe. He also is the author of "YOUR ROOTS: Total Genealogy Planning On Your Computer" published by Ziff-Davis Press. He can be reached at: